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Nasir ol Molk Mosque
Hafez Tomb

General Information

about iran

Iran (Persian) officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Central Eurasia and Western Asia. The name Iran has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was also known to the western world as Persia. Both Persia and Iran are used interchangeably in cultural contexts; however, Iran is the name used officially in political contexts.



iran weather

Iran has a hot, dry climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool winters. Iran climate is influenced by Iran's location between the subtropical aridity of the Arabian Desert areas and the subtropical humidity of the eastern Mediterranean area. January is the coldest month, with temperatures from 5°C to 10°C, and August is the hottest month at 20°C to 30°C or more. In most of the areas, summers are warm to hot with virtually continuous sunshine ...



Most international foods are found in the deluxe hotels, but the local food, lightly seasoned, is excellent and should be sampled as often as possible. Try some regional specialties: nougat in Isfahan, pistachios in Rafsanjan, dates in Bam and bergamot jam in Shiraz and northern Iran. Rice is a national staple and is cooked superbly. Local dishes include tasty shrimp, lamb and chicken dishes (most meat is grilled), fruit, vegetables, yogurt and desserts.


Dress Code


Iran is a country with a dress code and respecting Islamic rules including “Hijab” or the Islamic dress-code is a necessity in Iran. However such rules are not observed strictly, especially for tourists and foreigners. Basically, the rules are quite simple: for men, no short pants or extreme short sleeve and tight shirts. For women, head and hair must be covered, and it is also necessary to wear something loose to cover the body.



Iran is home to one of the richest art heritages and handicrafts in world history and distinguished in many disciplines, including architecture, painting, weaving, pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and stone masonry. Persians were among the first to use mathematics, geometry, and astronomy in architecture and also have extraordinary skills in making massive domes which can be seen frequently in the structure of bazaars and mosques.



iran cultural

There are a wide variety of different cultural activities going on in Iran and particularly in the Capital, Tehran, almost everyday. The more costly parts of these activities are sponsored and financed by the government while the private sector's contribution to cultural activities are also remarkable. For instance, the government owns most of the theater halls while music tapes, magazines and books are mostly produced by private sector.



iran architecture

Iranian architecture or Persian architecture is the architecture of Greater Iran that has a continuous history from at least 5000 BCE to the present, with characteristic examples distributed over a vast area from Syria to North India and the borders of China, from the Caucasus to Zanzibar. Persian buildings vary from peasant huts to tea houses, and garden pavilions to "some of the most majestic structures the world has ever seen".




Iran is a huge country of 1,648,000 square Kilometers with varying ecosystems. From the tropical Caspian shore with its rice and tea plantations, to the oilfields and sugar cane fields of Khuzestan; from the orchards and wheat fields of the province of Azerbaijan, to the deserts of Kavir and Lut with their oasis towns; from the central arid plateau, to the snowcapped Zagros and Alburz mountains – Iran is a land of extraordinary contrasts.



iran history

Prehistory: The Neanderthals from at least 100,000 years ago existed in Greater Iran during the Pleistocene and Pliocene eras. Modern human artifacts were found to have existed at least from 9000 B.C.E. This was before the civilizations of Elam and the migration of Indo-Iranians into the area in the 2nd millennium B.C.E., giving Persia its history and character.



iran art

From The moment, some 3000 years ago, when an ingenious artist shaped and painted the magnificent bridge-spouted vessels at Tepe Sialk to the time when master craftsmen carved the famous Achaemenian relief’s at Persepolis and on into the Islamic era when sophisticated glassware and ceramics were made in the kilns of Ray, Gorgan and Nishapur art has become an inseparable part of Iranian life.


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